Definitions: (1) moderate indulgence in or use of substance, speech, or action; self-controlled; (2) even management of passion and feelings; patient; calm; cool; (3) in proper proportion; balanced

Familial Qualities: symmetrical, synergistic


• Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle all extolled a set of cardinal virtues. They were: wisdom, courage, justice, and temperance.

• There is a time component to temperance. All of the good things of life need not be crammed into the shortest time (or even one life). There is value in savoring the moment.

Symbols: 1) a beach; 2) the number fourteen

Fictional Figure: Sir Guyon, a knight, is the personification of temperance and self-restraint. — Edmund Spenser (1552-1599) Faërie Queene